TO BE NAMED

[NOTE from the Editor: Come on people, suggest a name.]

Newsletter of the USS Jaresh-Inyo

NCC 74922 

Prometheus Tactical Cruiser

SFI - Region 12

Volume 1 Issue 2

March - April 2010 

IN THIS ISSUE:
  • In Memory of Joe Manning
  • Severe Weather Preparedness
  • Diabetes: The Disease With No Age Boundaries
  • Finding the Next Jadzia
  • Data from the Science Labs
  • The 212th Marine Strike Group Report
  • President Jaresh-Inyo
  • Current Officers

USS Jaresh-Inyo
http://www.ussjaresh-inyo.org/
http://tv.groups.yahoo.com/group/jaresh_inyo/


EDITOR/SUBMISSIONS:

Captain Glenna M. Juilfs

DEADLINE FOR NEXT ISSUE:
June 15, 2010

Disclaimer

TO BE NAMED  is the chapter newsletter of the USS Jaresh-Inyo NCC 74922, a chapter of Starfleet International, a non-profit fan organization.  All rights and privileges to the terms STAR TREK and all images / references to same are exclusively owned by Paramount Pictures Corp. Likewise, all rights & privileges to the terms and all images & references to STAR WARS (Lucas Film), Dr.Who (BBC), or other programs not specifically named, are exclusively owned by those companies.  This newsletter is not intended to infringe on any copyrights or legal holdings of the writers, producers, Production Company, or others with claims to the programs / images, nor to make profit from them.  

Reprints of articles & items only if submitters give proper credit.  (Or the Borg will pay you a visit!)  Thanks for your cooperation.  This publication brought to you by the Propaganda Department.  We serve all your brainwashing needs . . . Resistance is futile!

In Loving Memory

Claude Joseph Michael Manning

Written by Glenna M. Juilfs

 

We can never began to tell all of you how grateful we are for all the cards, calls and flowers we have received. He was one of a kind and so very much loved and respected. I and others had told him he had a big heart who knew that's what he would die of, he wanted to do the Dover Con so bad knowing he wasn't feeling good that was Joe always thinking of others first. He will be there along with me Wendy Autumn & Patty. See you soon. -Fleet Mom Judy

            I’ve known Joe since 1991. To say I loved him and his wife, Judy, is an understatement. I have been trying to come to grips with his passing, but it has been difficult. I’ve tried several times to write this tribute, but couldn’t get past the first sentence. I think I might make it this time.

Of course, most people associate him with the Camp Dover Peace Conference that began in April 1992 with 92 people in attendance. It grew, nearly doubling in attendance for the next few years, and ended in 2006 with the 15th. Many of us attended all of them. The longest running non-sponsored fan-run convention.

There had been a Camp Dover Reunion planned for April 2009, but after many problems it was cancelled. Joe tried again to schedule it for April 2010 and was greatly looking forward to it. Unfortunately, his passing came too soon. That weekend will be a Memorial to Joe and a Candlelight Ceremony at the gravesite.

 

Joe's Field of Dreams
Video Length:
6:03

                Joe’s dream began after watching ST: The Undiscovered Country, the dinner with the Klingons. He wanted to unite Trek fandom in a similar setting “to talk peace” with a full dress (costume) banquet dinner. In order to attract more people it was expanded to a weekend event with the banquet on Saturday night.

                 Joe Manning aka Chancellor Klaad was also the Founder of the IKEF (Imperial Klingon Expeditionary Forces). He led this group like a loving father.


  He was a great man, a loving father and grandfather, a caring friend, and a charismatic person drawing many to him.

Here are some of the words from people who knew him. Their words reflect my feelings as well:

(see more at: In Loving Memory of Joe Manning Facebook Group)

“I came to respect the Klingon way he portrayed, in a depth and understanding few seem to find. A code of honor and a pride that swells in your chest and keeping you going, keeps you placed with a sense of dignity, respect, and honor with your fellow man/woman on this earth.

He taught me that no matter if you are not a warrior on the outside... you heart can be the warrior... You fight till he dying day, and never give up your compassion towards man, never give up what your heart is but to share it with others.

I'm not sure this makes sense to you... but I will say I can not think of him as truly dead.  He shared his heart and his soul with us, and it still exists with us, his body may rejoin the earth, but what makes the man, his soul continues to live and I have little doubt he is watching us right now, and if you speak to him, he will hear you no matter where you are in this world.  And in the last day I have felt him at my shoulder, comforting and watching, and listening as I came to terms.” - Aiden (vajtIq)

 

“He was so much more than just a Friend, Mentor, Fellow Klingon Warrior, and the Founder of the IKEF.. He was a great man and a wonderful father. In my eyes he reminded me so much of my own father and now Joe joins him in the Black Fleet. Joe in so many ways helped those less fortunate or just lost and gave more to others than he ever asked in return. He drew people to him with his special magnetism and showed them a place in his heart that all felt welcome. We will all miss him more than a few words or phrases could ever express. It is sad he was not able to see his friends and extended family join around him once more at the Dover Reunion that he was so happy and excited about these last few weeks.  But his Legacy will never be lost or forgotten he will live on within all of us... ALWAYS!!” - BG Vamphry Mlgh'lw zantaI Tumid (Ron Zimmerly)

Joe Manning was simply a great man. Every good and decent thing that anyone has ever heard about him is true. Joe wasn't simply a trek fan and an everyday guy he was a visionary, and one who cared about others more than himself. He loved to make people happy, a duty he performed quite well.

He took us all under his wing and let us view the scenery as he flew whenever the inspiration hit him.

When I first met Joe I had no idea that he would become such an important part of my life. At first he was just an acquaintance, then he became a friend, and then he became a mentor, a brother, a councilor, and essentially a Dad I never had.

He touched and bonded with more people than we are even aware of. His advice and council were as gold, his deeds legend, and he took time for people and made many sacrifices for the happiness of others.

I learned many things from him and I am a better person for having known him. I loved him like a Dad, respected him as a man, followed him as leader, valued him as a friend, stood beside him in battle, and had many laughs with bloodwine late night with bacon and eggs in the morning. He carried a charisma and a confidence that is not what I'd call a common trait. He was a true Leader, a true Chancellor, and most importantly the kind of friend people only dream of. I will miss you always my friend.” - Aaron T. Bowman

“I spoke to Robert O'Reilly today and he has asked me to give this message to everyone who is missing Joe right now. Please excuse me if I butcher the spelling:

"Stovo KoR NAJ naH nok, ja' HoH Thlingan Jo-JaK" translation: “Stovo KoR does not mourn, but all Klingons do."

Bob sends his love and condolences to Judy, Wendy and everyone else.” -Bode

“Words can not express the shock and sadness that filled me this morning as I read of Joe's death.  Following so closely on the heals of my father's death it obviously has made an even greater impact on me but even without that it would have brought great sadness.

Joe was a unique individual who saw how the fandom could be used for more then simply celebrating a shared love of a Sci Fi show/universe. He took one element of that show, the peace conference, and made it come to life in our own world and time.  He brought people and groups together so that they could share their love of all that was good as portrayed in the Star Trek universe and make it real here.  How many lives he touched and how many people benefited from his work we will never know but what is sure is that the world and the fandom is a far better place for what he did.

I will always remember the little chats we had each year as Dover drew to a close.  He always wanted his talk with Fr. John and would never refer to me in any other way.  To him, no matter if he was looking into the face of a Klingon or a feline Chufelis the title was always Fr. John.  His heart and his love of both the fandom, its people and those in need were outstanding examples for all to follow.

My thoughts and prayers go out to Joe's family and friends at this time.  I said a mass for him this morning and will continue to offer more in the future.  I will dearly miss him and hope all that he began will continue in the years ahead.” - Char Rel aka Fr. John

“Grief overcomes me.  How can I put into words what Joe has meant to all of us?  I have attempted to follow his example over the last 20 years.  His love of family, friends and community.  The world is truly a darker place.”
- Dave

“I have known Joe for over 20 years and considered him one of my closer friends. It has taken me until now to try to put into words The GREAT loss that I feel at his passing. To Judy, Wendy, Amber and the rest of his family, I can only say God Bless and I hope the healing from his loss does not take a long time. He was one of the best people I have ever known and he will be greatly missed by everyone! He has gone on, but he will never be forgotten!

Please be well and know you are in all our prayers!” - Sta'Han Dragose Har'Tang (Terry Dragon Hartline)

"I met Joe at a Convention in Ohio and talked throughout the weekend with him as well as a few times since. He was a great man and personified what being Klingon means. His caring for others and the way he helped others is rare. He will be missed." - Marc Okrand

"We canceled the Reunion because of the poor numbers, and that it would just be to much for us (the family and the Doomslayer) to deal with right now.  I didn't want it to turn into a farce. If they (those wanting to gather) want to go ahead and get together, that's fine with me as long as it doesn't dishonor Joe. That's all I care about." – Judy Manning (Fleet Mom)

April 23-25th, formerly for Camp Dover, is planned as a Memorial Remembrance for Joe Manning.

“It has been decided by request from many that the memorial candle light vigil be held both Friday and Saturday from 6:00pm until dusk April 23rd and 24th at the Cemetery. The Dover Police have been informed we will be there both evenings and have put it on their schedule so this should help alleviate any undue headaches. Thanks to everyone’s support and help getting this organized and helping with the details It can't be done without all of you. Remember you’re the driving force I am just a very loud voice letting everyone know.” - BG Vamphry Mlgh'lw zantaI Tumid (Ron Zimmerly)

A website has been created in memory of Joe Manning for those who are not able to do Facebook, and are not members of Camp Dover Klingons or IKEF. [Of course, if you are, you are still welcome to the site.] Memories-of-Joe

To wrap this up, here is a poem:

MISS ME... BUT LET ME GO

-Author unknown

When I come to the end of the road
And the sun has set for me,
I want no rites in a gloom-filled room;
Why cry for a soul set free?

Miss me a little, but not too long
And not with your head bowed low.
Remember that love we once shared.
Miss me, but let me go.

For this is a journey that we all must take
And each must go alone.
It's all a part of the Master's plan,
A step on the road to home.

When you are lonely and sick of heart,
Go to the friend we know
And bury your sorrows in doing good deeds
Miss me, but let me go.

Chancellor Klaad has joined the Black Fleet in Sto-Vo-Kor,  and we all howl at his going.

I miss you father. My heart is empty and sad.
May Sto-Vo-Kor be ready for your glorious tales of honor and battles.”
– Kmel (Wendy Jo Daley)

 

Severe Weather Preparedness

Severe weather can occur at any time of the year in the continental United States. The peak months for severe weather are April, May and June.

In being prepared for severe weather it is best to have a plan as to where to go should severe weather occur, especially a tornado. It is also a good to have a severe weather kit with the following items: several flashlights with additional fresh batteries, a battery powered radio with additional fresh batteries or a NOAA Weather Radio, first aid kit, water and non-perishable food for each person for 3 days. These items can be kept in a box, bag, or a backpack.

Monitor weather conditions in the event that watches are issued by the National Weather Service and be prepared to go to a place of safety.

If you are outside and hear thunder or if you see signs of a developing thunderstorm such as darkening skies, flashes of lightning or increasing wind it is best to go inside to a sturdy building. During a thunderstorm do not use a corded telephone. Cordless phones and cell phones are safe. Stat away from electrical equipment, wiring and water pipes. Sensitive electronics should be unplugged well in advance of thunderstorms. Don’t take a bath, shower, or use other plumbing during a thunderstorm.

Remember thunderstorms can cause flash flooding, if this occurs stay to higher ground. Stay away from storm drains, ditches, ravines, or culverts. Moving water 6 inches deep can knock you off your feet. If driving and you come upon water across a road remember turn around don’t drown.

In the event a Tornado Warning is issued for your county or parish take shelter and have your severe weather kit. The best tornado shelter is an underground shelter, basement or safe room. If none of these are available a small windowless interior room on the lowest level of a sturdy building is the safest alternative. 

If you are caught outside stay out of open areas. Do not take shelter under a tree or shed. Stay away from metal fences. Lay down in the lowest lying area available and cover your head with your hands.

If you are out driving and start to see flying debris do not try to out run the storm. Pullover and go to a low lying area below road level. Do not take shelter at an underpass as the wind speed can increase as it passes through the underpass.

As a last resort pull over and keep your seat belt on bend over below window level and cover your head with your hands.

A final note about tornadoes. Occasionally they can develop so rapidly that advanced warning is not possible. Remain alert for signs of an approaching tornado such as a dark often greenish sky, large hail or a loud roar similar to a freight train. Watch The Sky!!  

Diabetes: The Disease With No Age Boundaries
By Brigadier General Gary “Tiny” Hollifield, Jr.
Commanding Officer, USS Jaresh-Inyo

I was diagnosed with diabetes when I was 11 years old. I should have known it, though. I mean, my mom and dad has it, both my fraternal and maternal grandparents had it, and a lot of my family members have it, too. Should it have come as a shock that I would not get skipped? That my genes weren’t destined to have diabetes from the get-go?

Well, I was upset. I felt like I had just been handed a death sentence, a walking notice of bad health for the rest of my life. Already I felt hindered as to what I could and could not do. I felt as if I would never be whole or normal. I had to take shots and pills! At eleven years old! How uncool was that?

So I went to the Diabetes Care Center for a two-day course (it was during the summer so I didn’t get to miss regular school) to learn how to give myself shots properly, when to take medicine, what I could and could not eat, and all the other hoopla that goes along with this disease. At first, I was extremely rigorous in my health care, following the doctors’ and nutritionists’ words to the letter. I ate right, I took my shots, I did everything…

And then I slacked off somewhere a long the age of 16. I started “missing” shots and eating sweets, not taking pills and drinking juice. I didn’t think anything about it. I felt rather bad physically and was falling asleep in class but I chalked that off to working a full time job, extra-curricular activities like student council and being a producer for our news program  (WMHS) and being a student journalist, and just going through puberty.

Fast forward a few years. I am now legal drinking age, and as such, I feel it necessary that I drink as much as possible as often as possible. I was borderline alcoholic because my drinking went from social at clubs and parties to drinking a twelve pack nightly by myself. Oh and during all this time, I had still neglected my shots and pills.

Now the next few paragraphs are a little graphic.

One day, I went for a manicure (as a Server in a high end restaurant, looks are very important) and was talked into a pedicure as well. Well, from being on my feet ever since I was 14 working in restaurants, I had calluses. The lady asked me if I would like them sanded down so they wouldn’t hurt so much and I said hell to the year, make it work. Well, a few months later, that callus developed into a ulcer, and because I was developing neuropathy, I couldn’t feel it. I figured, stupidly, because I couldn’t feel it, it was just a sore place that would heal over.

An ulcer, for those of you who don’t know, is necrotic (dead) tissue that has begun to tunnel in the foot. This was on my right foot, the outward skin looked like a small hole in my foot, so I kept it bandaged and clean. But remember, I was still on my feet 12-14 hours a day by now because I am working at AutoZone now as a District Trainer and Sales Manager. You can’t sit down with that company! I was standing all that time, placing more and more pressure on that ulcer. Also keep in mind I am not taking my medicines and I am drinking like a fish nightly.

Well, to take the pressure off of my right foot, I started placing pressure on my left foot when standing. Voila! A new ulcer cropped up on that foot too. Now I have ulcers on both feet and am in constant pain. Funny, I couldn’t feel my feet except for when the freight train of pain roared through them, which was frequently to be honest with you. Well, things progressed and I developed another ulcer which, as they tunneled into each other, made one great big, open hole on the bottom of my right foot. I had to quit AutoZone (obviously) and take a sit-down office job.

Now I had to resort to using a cane so as not to place so much pressure on my right foot. I had also realized how much I had screwed up in the past by not taking my shots and stuff like I was supposed to, otherwise, this wouldn’t be happening possibly. I was sitting at my desk when break time rolled around so I went outside to smoke a cigarette and call my mom. I made mention to her that the shoes I was wearing felt like they were pinching my right pinky toe. I thought nothing more of it and went about the rest of my day. I went home and was staying with my mom because she had stayed behind to sell the house in Greenville, South Carolina. I was going to stay in South Carolina because I was living with friends, and my parents were going to live in Arkansas.

Ahhh, I thought I had it all planned out.

Anyway, the ulcer had went under my small toe and I called my podiatrist. He said go to the hospital immediately. I did and three hours later, they amputated that toe due to infection. Fast-forward three years…I have had to have the fourth toe amputated due to MRSA and the third toe on my left foot amputated to relieve some pressure there (and because of infection). I am living in Arkansas with the parents because I can’t work. I figure this is a temporary set back, I’ll start taking my meds again and things will be on the mend.

See, the one thing I had forgotten from all those years ago: diabetes is a cumulative disease. What I am going through now is in direct correlation to what I did NOT do all those years ago (i.e. take my shots and pills, eat decent, and not drink). I can start taking my meds now and should be all right in the future, but what I am experiencing now has to run its course. I developed an infection from a surgery in my right foot (to remove another bone) and the infection got into my bone.

I land back in the hospital where these people know me on sight! They even remember I like fruity jell-o LOL! Anyway, the doctors come around and after much consultation, chart looking, hemming, hawing, and many billable hours later, they decide that my right leg at two inches below the knee MUST go before the infection gets into my blood stream and I become septic, which would be major suckage.

I get my leg amputated on July 2nd, 2009. Twenty-eight days later I turn 27…happy birthday to me, huh?

The moral of this story is do what your doctors tell you to do. Take your damned medications. Get checked for diabetes because like the title says, this is a disease where age is not a factor. Do I get upset that my leg is gone? Yes. I understand why though and it is entirely my fault. I cannot blame anyone but me and I accept full responsibility. This is the first time this has all been written out and yes, I edited out a LOT of my medical history. I didn’t write this for sympathy, I wrote it for your sake. If you think you are a diabetic, get checked. If you are a diabetic, take your medicines because this kind of thing will happen to you. I used to think that won’t happen to me, someone else but not to me. I won’t lose the feeling in my feet, get something amputated, or die early.

Well folks, I have no feeling in my left foot, I haven’t got a right foot, my hands tingle and burn all the time, I don’t have any feeling in the first four digits on both hands, my eyesight is going down the toilet, and I have blisters on my left foot. All thanks to diabetes raging unchecked through my body. Don’t let it happen to you.

Now let’s review some statistics, what diabetes Type I and Type II are, how to treat them, control them, warning signs, and other things that could potentially save your life.

Data from the 2007 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (the most recent year for which data is available)

  • Total: 23.6 million children and adults in the United States—7.8% of the population—have diabetes.
  • Diagnosed: 17.9 million people
  • Undiagnosed: 5.7 million people
  • Pre-diabetes: 57 million people

New Cases: 1.6 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years and older each year.

Total prevalence of diabetes:

Under 20 years of age-186,300, or 0.22% of all people in this age group have diabetes. About one in every 400 to 600 children and adolescents has type 1 diabetes. 2 million adolescents (or 1 in 6 overweight adolescents) aged 12-19 have pre-diabetes.

-Age 20 years or older

23.5 million, or 10.7% of all people in this age group have diabetes

-Age 60 years or older

12.2 million, or 23.1% of all people in this age group have diabetes

-Men

12.0 million, or 11.2% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes

-Women

11.5 million, or 10.2% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes

Race and ethnic differences in prevalence of diagnosed diabetes

After adjusting for population age differences, 2004-2006 national survey data for people diagnosed with diabetes, aged 20 years or older include the following prevalence by race/ethnicity:

6.6% of non-Hispanic whites

7.5% of Asian Americans

11.8% of non-Hispanic blacks

10.4% of Hispanics

Among Hispanics rates were:

8.2% for Cubans

11.9% for Mexican Americans

12.6% for Puerto Ricans.

Morbidity and Mortality

Deaths

Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death listed on U.S. death certificates in 2006. This ranking is based on the 72,507 death certificates in 2006 in which diabetes was listed as the underlying cause of death. According to death certificate reports, diabetes contributed to a total of 233,619 deaths in 2005, the latest year for which data on contributing causes of death are available.

Complications

Heart disease and stroke

• In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older.
• In 2004, stroke was noted on 16% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older.
• Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes.
• The risk for stroke is 2 to 4 times higher among people with diabetes.

High blood pressure

• In 2003–2004, 75% of adults with self-reported diabetes had blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/80 mmHg, or used prescription medications for hypertension.

Blindness

• Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years.
• Diabetic retinopathy causes 12,000 to 24,000 new cases of blindness each year.

Kidney disease

• Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of new cases in 2005.
• In 2005, 46,739 people with diabetes began treatment for end-stage kidney disease in the United States and Puerto Rico.
• In 2005, a total of 178,689 people with end-stage kidney disease due to diabetes were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant in the United States and Puerto Rico.

Nervous system disease (Neuropathy)

• About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage.

Amputation

• More than 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes.
• In 2004, about 71,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in people with diabetes.

Cost of Diabetes

$174 billion: Total costs of diagnosed diabetes in the United States in 2007

$116 billion for direct medical costs

$58 billion for indirect costs (disability, work loss, premature mortality)

After adjusting for population age and sex differences, average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were 2.3 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes.

The American Diabetes Association has created a Diabetes Cost Calculator that takes the national cost of diabetes data and provides estimates at the state and congressional district level.

Factoring in the additional costs of undiagnosed diabetes, pre-diabetes, and gestational diabetes brings the total cost of diabetes in the United States in 2007 to $218 billion.

• $18 billion for the 6.3 million people with undiagnosed diabetes 
• $25 billion for the 57 million American adults with pre-diabetes
 
• $623 million for the 180,000 pregnancies where gestational diabetes is diagnosed

Type I Diabetes

Overview

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels.

Symptoms

Some people will have no symptoms before they are diagnosed with diabetes. Others may notice these symptoms as the first signs of type 1 diabetes, or when the blood sugar is high:

  • Feeling tired or fatigued
  • Feeling hungry
  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating more often
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Having blurry eyesight
  • Losing the feeling or feeling tingling in your feet

For others, warning symptoms that they are becoming very sick may be the first signs of type 1 diabetes, or may happen when the blood sugar is very high (see: diabetic ketoacidosis):

  • Deep, rapid breathing
  • Dry skin and mouth
  • Flushed face
  • Fruity breath odor
  • Nausea or vomiting, unable to keep down fluids
Stomach pain

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can develop quickly in people with diabetes who are taking insulin. Symptoms typically appear when the blood sugar level falls below 70. Watch for:

  • Headache
  • Hunger
  • Nervousness
  • Rapid heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Shaking
  • Sweating
  • Weakness
  • Treatment

The immediate goals of treatment are to treat diabetic ketoacidosis and high blood glucose levels. Because type 1 diabetes can come on suddenly and the symptoms can be severe, newly diagnosed people may need to stay in the hospital.

The long-term goals of treatment are to:

  • Reduce symptoms
  • Prevent diabetes-related complications such as blindness, kidney failure, nerve damage, amputation of limbs, and heart disease

You are the most important person in managing your diabetes. You should know the basic steps to diabetes management:

  • How to recognize and treat low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • How to recognize and treat high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • Diabetes meal planning
  • How to give insulin
  • How to monitor blood glucose and urine ketones
  • How to adjust insulin and food intake during exercise
  • How to handle sick days
  • Where to buy diabetes supplies and how to store them

INSULIN

Insulin lowers blood sugar by allowing it to leave the bloodstream and enter cells. Everyone needs insulin. People with type 1 diabetes can't make their own insulin. They must take insulin every day. Insulin is usually injected under the skin. In some cases, a pump delivers the insulin continuously. Insulin does not come in pill form.

Insulin preparations differ in how fast they start to work and how long they last. The health care professional will review your blood glucose levels to determine the appropriate type of insulin you should use. More than one type of insulin may be mixed together in an injection to achieve the best blood glucose control.

The injections are needed, in general, from one to four times a day. People are taught how to give insulin injections by their health care provider or a diabetes nurse educator. At first, a child's injections may be given by a parent or other adult. By age 14, most children can be expected (but should not be required) to give their own injections.

People with diabetes need to know how to adjust the amount of insulin they are taking in the following situations:

  • When they exercise
  • When they are sick
  • When they will be eating more or less food and calories
  • When they are traveling

DIET

People with type 1 diabetes should eat at about the same times each day and try to be consistent with the types of food they choose. This helps to prevent blood sugar from becoming extremely high or low. The American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association have information for planning healthy, balanced meals. It can help to talk with a registered dietitian or nutrition counselor.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Regular exercise helps control the amount of sugar in the blood. It also helps burn excess calories and fat to achieve a healthy weight. Ask your health care provider before starting any exercise program. Those with type 1 diabetes must take special precautions before, during, and after intense physical activity or exercise. Always check with your doctor before starting a new exercise program. Ask your doctor or nurse if you have the right footwear. Choose an enjoyable physical activity that is appropriate for your current fitness level. Exercise every day and at the same time of day, if possible. Monitor your blood glucose levels at home before and after exercising. Carry food that contains a fast-acting carbohydrate in case your blood glucose levels get too low during or after exercise. Wear a diabetes identification bracelet and carry a cell phone to use in case of emergency. Drink extra fluids that do not contain sugar before, during, and after exercise. As you change the intensity or duration of your exercise, you may need to modify your diet or medication to keep your blood glucose levels in an appropriate range.

SELF-TESTING

Self-testing refers to being able to check your blood sugar at home yourself. Regular self-testing of your blood sugar tells you and your health care provider how well your diet, exercise, and diabetes medications are working. This is also called self-monitoring of blood glucose, or SMBG.

A health care provider or diabetes educator will help set up a testing schedule for you at home.

Your doctor will help you set a goal for what level your blood sugar should be during the day.

The results can be used to adjust meals, activity, or medications to keep blood sugar levels within an appropriate range. Tests are usually done before meals and at bedtime. More frequent testing may be needed when you are sick, under stress, or adjusting your insulin dosing. Testing will provide valuable information so the health care provider can suggest improvements to your care and treatment. Testing will identify high and low blood sugar levels before serious problems develop.

A device called a glucometer can provide a blood sugar reading. There are different types of devices. Usually, you prick your finger with a small needle called a lancet to get a tiny drop of blood. You place the blood on a test strip and put the strip into the device. You should have results within 30 - 45 seconds. Keeping accurate records of your test results will help you and your health care provider plan how to best control your diabetes.

The American Diabetes Association recommends keeping blood sugar levels in the range of:

  • 80 - 120 mg/dL before meals
  • 100 - 140 mg/dL at bedtime

FOOT CARE

Diabetes causes damage to the blood vessels and nerves. This can reduce your ability to feel injury to or pressure on the foot. You may not notice a foot injury until severe infection develops. Diabetes can also damage blood vessels. Small sores or breaks in the skin may progress to deeper skin ulcers. Amputation of the affected limb may be needed when these skin ulcers do not improve or become larger or deeper.

To prevent problems with your feet, you should:

  • Stop smoking if you smoke.
  • Improve control of your blood sugar.
  • Get a foot exam by your health care provider at least twice a year and learn whether you have nerve damage.

Check and care for your feet EVERY DAY, especially if you already have known nerve or blood vessel damage or current foot problems. Make sure you are wearing the right kind of shoes.

TREATING LOW BLOOD SUGAR

Hypoglycemia can develop quickly in people with diabetes. Symptoms typically appear when the blood sugar level falls below 70. If you have symptoms:

  • Do a blood sugar check.

If the level is low or you have symptoms of hypoglycemia, eat something with sugar: 4 ounces of fruit juice, 3 - 4 Lifesavers candies, or 4 ounces of regular soda. Overtreating a mild low blood sugar reaction can lead to problems with high blood sugar and difficult blood sugar control overall.

Symptoms should go away within 15 minutes. If the symptoms don't go away, repeat the sugar-containing food as above, and test the sugar level again. When your blood sugar is in a safer range (over 70 mg/dL), you may need to eat a snack with carbohydrates and protein, such as cheese and crackers or a glass of milk. Ask your doctor if you need a glucagon injection kit to raise blood sugar quickly in an emergency.

MEDICATIONS TO PREVENT COMPLICATIONS

Your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce your chances of developing eye disease, kidney disease, and other conditions that are more common in people with diabetes.

An ACE inhibitor (or ARB) is often recommended as the first choice for those with high blood pressure and those with signs of kidney disease. ACE inhibitors include:

Captopril (Capoten)

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Guinapril (Accupril)

Benazepril (Lotensin)

Ramipril (Altace)

Perindopril (Aceon)

Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

Statin drugs are usually the first choice to treat an abnormal cholesterol level. Aim for an LDL cholesterol level of less than 100 mg/dL. Aspirin to prevent heart disease is most often recommended for people with diabetes who:

  • Are older than 40
  • Have a personal or family history of heart problems
  • Have high blood pressure or high cholesterol
  • Smoke

TREATING HIGH KETONES

Causes

There are several forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. Insulin is a hormone produced by special cells, called beta cells, in the pancreas, an organ located in the area behind your stomach. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. In type 1 diabetes, these cells produce little or no insulin.

Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. The body is unable to use this glucose for energy. This leads to the symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

Within 5 - 10 years, the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed and the body can no longer produce insulin. The exact cause is unknown, but most likely there is a viral or environmental trigger in genetically susceptible people that causes an immune reaction. The body's white blood cells mistakenly attack the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells.

Tests & diagnosis

Diabetes is diagnosed with the following blood tests:

  • Fasting blood glucose level -- diabetes is diagnosed if it is higher than 126 mg/dL on two occasions
  • Random (nonfasting) blood glucose level -- diabetes is suspected if it is higher than 200 mg/dL, and the patient has symptoms such as increased thirst, urination, and fatigue (this must be confirmed with a fasting test)
  • Oral glucose tolerance test -- diabetes is diagnosed if the glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL after 2 hours.

Ketone testing is also used in type 1 diabetes. Ketones are produced by the breakdown of fat and muscle. They are harmful at high levels. The ketone test is done using a urine sample. Ketone testing is usually done at the following times:

  • When the blood sugar is higher than 240 mg/dL
  • During an illness such as pneumonia, heart attack, or stroke
  • When nausea or vomiting occur
  • During pregnancy

The following tests will help you and your doctor monitor your diabetes and prevent complications of diabetes:

  • Check the skin and bones on your feet and legs.
  • Check the sensation in your feet.
  • Have your blood pressure checked at least every year (blood pressure goal should be 130/80 mm/Hg or lower).
  • Have your glycosulated hemoglobin (HbA1c) checked every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled; otherwise, every 3 months.
  • Have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked yearly (aim for LDL cholesterol levels below 100 mg/dL).

Get yearly tests to make sure your kidneys are working well (microalbuminuria and serum creatinine). Visit your ophthalmologist at least once a year, or more often if you have signs of diabetic retinopathy. See the dentist every 6 months for a thorough dental cleaning and exam. Make sure your dentist and hygienist know that you have diabetes.

Prognosis

Diabetes is a lifelong disease for which there is not yet a cure. However, the outcome for people with diabetes varies. Studies show that tight control of blood glucose can prevent or delay complications to the eyes, kidneys, nervous system, and heart in type 1 diabetes. However, complications may occur even in those with good diabetes control.

Prevention

Currently, there is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes. There is no effective screening test for type 1 diabetes in people with no symptoms. To prevent complications of diabetes, visit your health care provider or diabetes educator at least four times a year. Talk about any problems you are having. Stay up-to-date with all of your vaccinations and get a flu shot every year in the fall.

Complications

After many years, diabetes can lead to serious problems with your eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels, and other areas in your body. If you have diabetes, your risk of a heart attack is the same as someone who has already had a heart attack. Both women and men with diabetes are at risk. You may not even have the typical signs of a heart attack.

In general, complications include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Damage to the blood vessels that supply the legs and feet (peripheral vascular disease)
  • Stroke
  • High cholesterol
  • Nerve damage, which causes pain and numbness in the feet, as well as a number of other problems with the stomach and intestines, heart, and other body organs (diabetic neuropathy)
  • Foot sores or ulcers, which can result in amputation
  • Worsening of eyesight or blindness due to diabetic retinopathy (eye disease)
  • Macular edema
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Kidney disease and kidney failure (diabetic nephropathy)

Other complications include:

  • Erection problems
  • Infections of the skin, female genital tract, and urinary tract

When to contact a doctor

If you are newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you should probably have medical follow-up weekly until you have good control of blood glucose. Your health care provider will review the results of home glucose monitoring and urine testing. The provider will also look at your diary of meals, snacks, and insulin injections. As the disease becomes more stable, follow-up visits will be less often. Visiting your health care provider is very important for monitoring possible long-term complications from diabetes.

Call 911 if you have:

Chest pain or pressure, shortness of breath, or other signs of angina; loss of consciousness; or seizures. Call your health care provider or go to the emergency room if you have these symptoms of ketoacidosis:

  • Deep and rapid breathing
  • Extreme thirst and drinking and frequent urination
  • Severe nausea and vomiting, and inability to drink liquids or eat
  • Sweet-smelling breath
  • Shortness of breath
  • Confusion
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • High glucose or ketone levels in your urine
  • Very high blood sugar

Also call your doctor if you have:

  • Symptoms that your blood sugar is going too high (being very thirsty, having blurry vision, having dry skin, feeling weak or tired, needing to urinate a lot)
  • Blood sugar levels that are running higher than the goals you and your doctor have set
  • Symptoms that your blood sugar is getting too low (weakness or fatigue, trembling, sweating, feeling irritable, unclear thinking, fast heartbeat, double or blurry vision, uneasy feeling)
  • You are having blood sugar readings below 70 mg/dL
  • Numbness, tingling, pain in your feet or legs
  • Sores or infections on your feet
  • Problems with your eyesight

You can treat early signs of hypoglycemia at home by eating sugar or candy or taking glucose tablets. If your signs of hypoglycemia continue or your blood glucose levels stay below 60 mg/dL, go to the emergency room.

As many of you may or may not know, I work (and attend) The University of Mississippi. Many are familiar with my alma mater because of either the fact that it was a battle ground of the Civil Rights Era, sports or more recently the first Presidential Debate in the 2008 election cycle. The problem is that most people (including many within the University community itself) overlook our long commitment to women in higher education. My actual department is the Sarah Isom Center for Women and Gender Studies which became the first women’s center at a state university in Mississippi in 1981, which may not seem that long ago. 

However, the Center’s namesake, Sarah McGhee Isom, became not only the first female professor at Ole Miss in 1882 but also the first female professor at a coeducational institution of higher learning in the Southeastern United States. Three years later, the University opened her doors to female students becoming one of the first in the Southeast to do so. This gave them access to a “classical” Liberal Arts Education (just like the male students were receiving) unlike the vocational education at other women’s colleges. 

While Columbus’ Industrial Institute and College (later to become the Mississippi University for Women) became the first state-supported institution of higher learning for women in the United States in 1884, the Reneau Female University of Mississippi was officially chartered much earlier in 1872 and would have been in Oxford as a companion to The University of Mississippi but never opened because of budgetary reasons.

Fast forward to present times and the commitment to women is still just as great.

This semester I have been working on a project envisioned by Dr. Tamar Goulet, associate professor of Biology, and Dr. Warigia Bowman, assistant professor of Public Policy Research. The project funded by a grant from the American Association of University Women (AAUW) with matching funds from the College of Liberal Arts and the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs is trying to promote and retain women in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). 

The project consists of five dinner roundtable discussions including topics such as “Career Options,” “Career vs. Home,” and looking at gender discrimination in the work place. The final dinner is April 22 in which we plan to wrap-up discussions by having a question and answer only roundtable that seeks to at least ask the questions (and hopefully answer) that many either have failed to ask or were unsure how to ask. 

If you are interested in the project, you may visit our website at http://www.sarahisomcenter.org/UMSTEMWomen/ and hear podcasts from the sessions, find articles related to the topics discussed and to women in the STEM fields in general, and later our final report based on a comprehensive survey of all women, graduate and undergraduate, currently attending Ole Miss and studying in the STEM fields.

While the work is on-going, the feedback we have received and continue to receive as well as the relationships that are forming are significant progress to leveling the playing field for women in the STEM fields. With continued conversations and programs, we hope to ensure that someday our female scientists, technologists, engineers and mathematicians are just as famous and well-respected as their fellow alum, Dr. “Bones” McCoy.

Greetings from the Science labs of the Jaresh-Inyo. The last couple of months have shown a slow down in the number of articles submitted to the list. This will be picking up in the near future, as we want to continue to explore and share the various aspects of science with you.

Robert and I are planning one new development for the Science Department. We are working on the process of opening communications with the other Science Departments on ships within Region 12. The goal of this is to open a duologue and sharing of what each ship is doing in the realms of science. We thought it would fun to see how many ships would participate in this. It would increase our knowledge, and in turn we could share with you on what we learn. We are almost ready to begin this venture. We will keep you updated as we progress along with this process of learning and sharing.
I am exploring a possibility of joining the STARFLEET Technology Applied Research Program (STAR). I would be applying for the Science portion of the program. This goal would be to represent the Jaresh-Inyo in the sciences, as the program is though out all of STARFLEET. This would be a great opportunity to learn more about the different aspects of science and to be able to interact with others who are professionals and amateurs in the science fields. The nice thing would be that here gain, I could share the knowledge I gain with you the crew.

We plan to keep busy in the Science Department. And we would love to hear from you if there is anything you would like us to write about and/or look up for you. Have a science question,? Send it our way, and we ill do our best to find an answer for you. Until the next issue,

Ad Astra

Greetings Marines,

How are you? I hope this finds you doing well. I use the word, 'hope' because we haven't heard from you. In the last newsletter, I asked you to contact either myself or DOIC COL Christina Doane and give us a brief hello, and let us know how you are.

In the very near future, COL Doane will be sending out a letter to you. In this letter, you will be asked a few questions so that we can determine how to better serve you, the members of our MSG. The letter is meant to get your ideas for the strike group, and other thoughts on the unit. I am asking that you respond to this letter, and let us know what you think and what you want in the unit. This is YOUR strike group! We need the feedback so that we can help you in having the type of group that you want to participate in.

Also, to facilitate other options of communication in the future, a Yahoo Groups list will be established for our strike group. COL Doane is working on this, and it will be a way for us to talk to each other, share ideas, and have something that is a common gathering spot for us. We will let you know when this has been accomplished and is ready for use. Once we have this, I do hope you will take advantage of this, because hear again, communication is vital for us to function as a strike group.

Reading Challenge... I dropped the ball on getting out the word on the deadline for the last Marine Reading Challenge for April. COL Doane was the sole contributor for April. I know you read books through the month. So why not make a list for April and May and send it to me by the end of May? I will be posting on the list the next deadline for the MRC, and on the marine list as well.. You can submit a list of books and audio books as well. 
For the reading challenge, I will need the following information:

1) Title of book
2) Author(s)
3) Number of pages (audio books need the page numbers also)
4) ISBN number

And that is it! I need all of the above information for the book to be counted in the challenge. Read a book, list it, send it to me, it's that simple. Let's see if we can get all of you to contribute to the challenge!

COL Doane sent me news from the world of SFMC. I will post it on the Jaresh-Inyo list, so that you can know more of what is going on with the SFMC, and there will be areas of interest for you. Please note the 'drink challenge' that is listed, as we as a unit can participate in it if you wish. We will endeavor to bring you as much information on the SFMC as possible in the future.

Are you involved in community service of any kind for your work, school or church? Do you do community service work on your own? There is news right there! Why not share this with the unit? Send COL Doane or I this news so we may include it in the OIC report that I do for the unit, and for the newsletter as well? We would love to 
know what you are doing!

As I said before, this is your unit. Things have very slow in developing in the past months. I take the responsibility for this, but now things are coming together more than ever before. Let's pull together and show what the Warriors of Justice are made of.

Yours in the Corps

President of the United Federation of Planets

Jaresh-Inyo (c. 2372)

In 2372, the post was held by Jaresh-Inyo, a Grazerite. His presidency was marked by a number of troubling foreign and domestic policy developments, including the dissolution of the Khitomer Accords and an undeclared war with the Klingon Empire in 2372, increasing tensions with the Dominion, and the rise of the Maquis. 

In 2372, fears of Changeling infiltration of the Federation government reached a high point when Dominion agents were discovered to have detonated a bomb at a diplomatic conference between the Federation and the Romulan Star Empire in Antwerp. Starfleet Admiral and Chief of Starfleet Operations Leyton and Captain Benjamin Sisko advocated increased security on Earth following the bombing, and when the planetary power grid was disabled, Inyo declared martial law on the capital planet. Later, it was discovered that the grid had been disabled by Leyton's own agents, and that Leyton was leading an attempted military coup d'etat against the Federation civilian government. Leyton's coup was thwarted by Sisko, but as a result of the scandal, Jaresh-Inyo's political career ended. (DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost") 

Jaresh-Inyo left office sometime prior to 2375. While questioning Luther Sloan, Julian Bashir discovered that Section 31 had an operative working in Jaresh-Inyo's cabinet. (DS9: "Extreme Measures") 

The novel Articles of the Federation establishes that Jaresh-Inyo died in May of 2380, being remembered as a great "peace-time president" being credited with the expansion of civil rights for sentient beings, and the opening of diplomatic relations with the Children of Tama, but not one suited for the job when war with the Dominion became inevitable.

Commanding Officer
BGN Gary Hollifield, Jr.

Executive Officer/Chief Science Officer
CMDR/LTC Patrick Litton

Chief Medical Officer
CAPT Samuel Cummings

Second Officer/Chief of Operations
LCDR Cory Whorton

Chief of Security
LT Jonathon Neale
Cadet Corps Commandant
COL Gary Hollifield, Sr.

Morale Officer
FCPT James Whatley

Chief of Communications/Counselor
CAPT/COL Glenna M. Juilfs

Chief of Engineering
RADM Valerie Rose

Chief of Computer Operations
Ensign Richard McCreery

Ship's Logo by Kevin Cozart
Blinkie by gmj designs
Other logos are by Kristian Trigwell.
Graphics are from the WWW.