The Grazerite Gazette

Newsletter of the USS Jaresh-Inyo

NCC 74922 

Prometheus Tactical Cruiser

SFI - Region 12

Volume #2  Issue #1

January-February 2011

USS Jaresh-Inyo is a Paragould, Arkansas based chapter of STARFLEET, the International Star Trek Fan Association, Inc.  With a Star Trek theme, we are a science fiction fan club.

Jaresh-Inyo is a correspondence based chapter of STARFLEET assigned to Region 12 encompassing Arkansas, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma.  We were commissioned on Stardate 2009.256.

IN THIS ISSUE:
  • From the Slightly Off-centered Center Seat
  • From the First Officer's Desk
  • Second Thoughts: PetFleet
  • New Planet Discovered
  • The Makeup of Stars
  • Marines Among Us: On The Ground With The 212th
  • All Frequencies Open: Smart Animals
  • Data From the Science Labs
  • Second Star to the Right
  • From the Pool Table
  • Tribbles
  • Klingon Physiology
  • Klingon Augment Virus
  • Counselor's Corner
  • Jaresh-Inyo
  • Current Officers

USS Jaresh-Inyo
http://www.ussjaresh-inyo.org/
http://tv.groups.yahoo.com/group/jaresh_inyo/


EDITOR/SUBMISSIONS:

Captain Glenna M. Juilfs

DEADLINE FOR NEXT ISSUE:
April 30, 2011

Disclaimer

The Grazerite Gazette  is the chapter newsletter of the USS Jaresh-Inyo NCC 74922, a chapter of Starfleet International, a non-profit fan organization.  All rights and privileges to the terms STAR TREK and all images / references to same are exclusively owned by Paramount Pictures Corp. Likewise, all rights & privileges to the terms and all images & references to STAR WARS (Lucas Film), Dr.Who (BBC), or other programs not specifically named, are exclusively owned by those companies.  This newsletter is not intended to infringe on any copyrights or legal holdings of the writers, producers, Production Company, or others with claims to the programs / images, nor to make profit from them.  

Reprints of articles & items only if submitters give proper credit.  (Or the Borg will pay you a visit!)  Thanks for your cooperation.  This publication brought to you by the Propaganda Department.  We serve all your brainwashing needs . . . Resistance is futile!

Submission formats can be txt, rtf, doc, docx, html, or Excell Worksheet. If you are unable to use one of the above-mentioned formats, just paste into an e-mail and send to the Editor. Pictures can be in jpg, gif, png, bmp, or other similar format. Thank you.

Greetings fellow ship mates! My goodness how time does fly when one is having fun! We are sailing smoothly along thanks to our Engineering Division led by Lieutenant Charles Robinson with Lieutenant David Stayduhar as his Assistant Division Chief. Lieutenant Robinson has created a fantastic ship class manual for those of you interested in learning more about the Prometheus Class Tactical Cruise, so slide on over to our Yahoo! Group to download it and marvel at it for yourself. 

Our Exec and Chief of Operations Officer, Cory Whorton, was recently promoted to the rank of Captain which is awesome! He does a ton of work behind the scenes, and even though he may lapse into silence on the list, have no fear he is always near! He and will talk at least weekly to keep each other up to date. Cory also has a big surprise happening in his professional career in politics but I will let him tell us all about that. 

The Science Division is doing smashingly well under the direction of Commander Patrick Litton and his assistant Lieutenant Commander Robert Towne. I couldn’t ask for a more highly motivated and energetic division! We also have a new recruit to welcome into sciences: Lieutenant junior grade Michael Krogh joins the JI in the Stellar Cartography field down in the Science Labs. Mister Krogh brings real world military experience, a zeal for science, and a love of the academies with him. He is an absolute fireball! 

Colonel Christina Doane and First Lieutenant Shelley Martin are wanting to start a SIM with the chapter, and they have been wanting to get it launched for some time. The hold up? Me. Yeah, I have been uber slack about writing some information for them and letting everyone know about it. Here’s the skinny: Christina and Shelley are running the show. I will only step in in the event there is a huge conflict or something really bad has happened. For the story only, everyone’s rank will coincide with the ranks of an actual star ship. I will be a Colonel, not a Major General; Cory will be a Commander, not a Captain, and so on and so forth. If your rank is Captain/Colonel or above, **only in the story** will you be referred to as Commander/Lieutenant Colonel. And even then, this will be your character with that rank, not actually you. If you have any questions, remember Christina and Shelley are the Game Masters and you will need to direct your questions/concerns to them. Ladies…let’s roll. 

From the Marine side of the house, please remember to get your reading lists into Patrick  so he can include them into the MSG Report he files every other month. Ensign Aaron Coutu, ship’s librarian, has really turned into Mr. Atoz and been hammering out some books. Ensign Lacey Chavez was reading pretty steadily but I think schooling is starting to catch up and she has slowed down some. Every book you read over 100 pages counts. 

I urge each and every one of you to attempt to bring someone on board within the calendar year of 2011. Only one person new to STARFLEET and the chapter. With fresh blood comes fresh ideas and new perspectives. If you recruit someone, even from within SFI (no poaching!), let me know immediately. Five people will earn you the Order of Babel Third Class recruiting award. If you have a friend who like sci-fi and Trek but they are wishy washy about forking over the money, send them to me. I have powers of persuasion (and I’m a decent sales person). 

As always, if you have question, I and my command staff are here to assist you in whatever way we can. There is no such thing as a stupid question…ask away! 

Captain Cory Whorton, Executive Officer
Captain Glenna Juilfs, Second Officer
Commander Patrick Litton, Third Officer

And you can always reach me as you need to: Gary Hollifield, Jr.
870.450.8049 (cell…I like to text!)
870.239.2926 (landline)
1612 S. 9th St., Apt 16 Paragould, AR 72450

See ya around!

Short and Sweet this month. This has been a month for Budget Battles, Earthquakes, and a job change for me. I’m leaving my comfy office job on the county level for a job with the State of Arkansas. So this is a huge transition month for me. I will try to get with everyone who needs anything, but if I take a day or so to get to you it’s because I’m swamped with something. On that note lets push forward and keeping working on being the best ship in the fleet.

I can haz membership?

Yes, now your pet, mascot, even the seagull that craps on your windshield can have a STARFLEET membership, courtesy of PETFLEET! A special "PCC Number", and membership certificate will be awarded to your animal -- be it live, stuffed or plush (We don't judge......)

What is this program about?
PetFleet is a way to have your best friend serve aboard ship right next to you.

Does it seem like you're getting more out of STARFLEET than your favorite pet? Do you feel like a loyal member of the family is left out of your STARFLEET career? Does the site of Spot and Porthos make you wish that you could bring your own best friend and most loyal companion along on your mission? Want no longer! Region 1 is proud to introduce the PetFleet, a chance for you and your best friend to serve side by side, explore the unknown, face perilous dangers and experience the thrills of a mission's success. Set out on a voyage of exploration where your best friend can serve along your side, exploring strange new worlds, seeking out new life and new civilizations, boldly going where no other pet has gone before.

What does my pet get out of this?
Your animal companion will be assigned a unique PCC-number and a membership certificate will be issued to you. Additionally, your pet's information will appear on SFI's Web site, proclaiming to the universe that your pet is an explorer, just like you. Membership also includes a monthly newsletter full of helpful information concerning the care of pets (PetFleet has an archive of newsletters, and in the future all newsletters will be PDF'ed and sent to your e-mail address.)

Can I register a mascot?
Stuffed mascots are the dreams universities are made of. Yes, you may register your chapter's mascot along side your pet. No questions asked. 

I see some pets have their pictures up. Does this cost extra?
Not one red cent. Simply contact PetFleet Membership Processing and make arrangements for a picture to be sent over.

Who runs this program?
PetFleet was originally administered out of Region 17 by Stormy, the Yellow-Bellied Marmot, a chapter mascot in his own right. Most recently it became a program of STARFLEET, payable to "STARFLEET" and is in the process of being fully integrated with SFI's database.

Is this program affiliated with STARFLEET?
Yes! The PetFleet started as a pilot project by Region 17 to attempt to show that there is sufficient interest in such a program and to encourage STARFLEET recently decided to integrate it as a full program of STARFLEET.

Does my pet or mascot (or I) have to be in Region 13 or even in STARFLEET?
Nope. We will take all comers from all regions. We're one big happy fleet. And since we're not STARFLEET funded, we will take the liberty of accepting applications from any furry friend interested in applying.

So how much does this thing cost?
The donation is $1 per pet or mascot per year. You're paying $15 a year to STARFLEET. Isn't your best friend worth a buck? There is no limit as to how many pets and/or mascots you can have registered.

Mb>And where does this money go?
Currently all donations go to a pet charity, there are no expenses in running this program so all donations are directed to a national pet charity. Please note: Any checks will be deposited only once a month.

How Can I contact you about Petfleet?
You can contact PetFleet at petfleet@sfi.org with any questions that you may have of which are not listed here in the FAQ Page. 

Does PetFleet have an e-mail list?
yes we do. Just go to PetFleet Yahoo Group and join or go to PetFleet FAQ and enter your e-mail address in the box provided.

New planet small but tough
Astronomers confirm the first rocky planet outside the solar system

By Ron Cowen
February 12th, 2011; Vol.179 #4 (p. 12)

This artist's illustration shows the scorched world of Kepler-10b, the first extrasolar planet that is unquestionably made entirely of solid material. The body has a mass of 4.56 times that of Earth and has a diameter 40 percent larger.

Credit: NASA, Kepler Mission, Dana Berry

SEATTLE — A newly discovered planet beyond the solar system is not only the smallest extrasolar planet yet found but also the first confirmed to be made entirely of solid material. Discovered by NASA’s Kepler spacecraft and dubbed Kepler-10b, the body has a diameter only 40 percent larger than Earth’s.

Likely to be partially molten, the planet is too hot to contain liquid water or support life as known on Earth. But the planet’s mass and diameter are known to such high accuracy that the object “is the first unquestionably rocky planet that humanity has ever seen,” said Kepler team member Natalie Batalha of San José State University in California. She described the findings January 10 at the winter meeting of the American Astronomical Society. Scientists are especially interested in finding rocky planets because chemical reactions that form the building blocks of life may happen most readily on solid surfaces.

“The more rocky planets we can find, the better placed we will be to understand the subset that are in the habitable zone,” said theorist Rory Barnes of the University of Washington in Seattle. Astronomer Adam Burrows of Princeton University concurred, saying that the discovery bodes well for Kepler finding other such rocky objects with high precision.

The finding, said Kepler researcher Geoff Marcy of the University of California, Berkeley, ranks “as among the most profound scientific discoveries in human history.” Kepler-10b, he added, “will go into every textbook worldwide.”

Only a few months after the Kepler’s launch in March 2009, the craft recorded a periodic dip in light — a decrease of only 0.0152 percent — from a star called Kepler-10. The tiny dip suggested that the star has a planet not much bigger than Earth that whips about Kepler-10 in a 20-hour orbit.

Although the craft had soon recorded hundreds of such dimmings, Batalha’s team still had to measure the mass of the candidate planet and make sure that the mini-eclipses weren’t caused by some spurious background object in the same patch of sky.

For those measurements, the researchers turned to the large Keck I telescope atop Hawaii’s Mauna Kea. Keck observations revealed that Kepler-10, some 565 light-years from Earth, was indeed being tugged ever so slightly by a planet less than six times the mass of Earth. But to pin down the planet’s composition, the team needed to get much more precise values of the exoplanet’s mass and diameter.

And that required measuring the mass, size and age of the parent star more accurately than ever before. “Everything we measure [about the planet] is relative to the star,” noted Batalha.

To examine Kepler-10 more closely, the team began examining the star at one-minute intervals with the spacecraft (SN Online: 10/26/10). The researchers recorded tiny flickers in starlight that weren’t due to the planet’s passages but were generated by sound waves emanating deep within the star.

Analyzing the strength and frequency of those oscillations allowed the team to pin down the star’s properties and then the planet’s — a diameter 1.4 times that of Earth and a mass 4.56 times Earth’s — to within 2 to 6 percent. Those measurements reveal that Kepler-10b must be composed entirely of solid silicate and metal grains, Batalha said. The planet is likely to have a higher metal content than Earth, yielding a density similar to a chunk of iron. Temperatures there, the researchers calculate, could get nearly high enough to melt iron: Kepler-10b appears to be a scorched world, with oceans of lava on the side facing the star, where estimated surface temperatures reach up to 1,800 kelvins (more than 1,500° Celsius).

“I would call it a rocky planet, and I would say it is more like a super-Mercury” than a super-Earth, commented Diana Valencia of the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur in Nice, France.

A small extrasolar planet previously detected by a European spacecraft called COROT is also likely to be rocky, but because its diameter and mass are not as well determined, the composition of the body is less certain (SN: 10/10/09, p. 8), Valencia noted.

The case for a rocky planet is much clearer for Kepler-10b, she said.

In early February, the Kepler team is expected to announce a trove of newly discovered exoplanets, including several super-Earths

 

The Makeup of Stars

ATOMS
A. Atoms are composed of protons, neutrons and electrons. The protons and neutrons are in the center of the atom, called the nucleus. The electrons spin in a cloud about the nucleus, Protons have a positive electric charge, electrons have a negative electric charge, and neutrons have no charge at all.

B. The number of protons in the center of an atom is called the atom’s atomic number. Thus, hydrogen has an atomic number one, carbon has an atomic number 6, and so on.

C. Atoms can be positively ionized (more protons than electrons), negatively ionized (more electrons than protons), or neutral (equal numbers of protons and electrons). The number of neutrons plus the number of protons is called the atomic mass. Therefore, helium, which has two protons and two neutrons, has an atomic mass of four. D. All atoms larger than hydrogen and helium have been made within the thermonuclear furnace of a star, powered by nuclear fusion. This is the process in which smaller atoms, i.e., hydrogen and helium, are smashed together to form larger elements, such as carbon. The fusion process releases energy, which causes stars to radiate light and heat. But fusion only creates atoms up to the size of iron (iron has atomic number 26). Atoms larger than iron have been created by anther process, the explosion of large stars, called supernova. The energy released in such explosions is enough to create these larger species of atoms.

E. The electrons in atoms only orbit at certain definite levels, like stairs on a staircase. These levels are determined by Quantum Mechanics. When light hits an atom, it causes the electrons to jump from a lower stair, or lower energy level, to a higher stair, or higher energy level. The atom only absorbs light if it is of an energy that corresponds to the height between the lower and higher energy level. Similarly, when atoms are very hot and bouncing into one another, their electrons are excited into higher energy levels. When the electrons fall back into their usual; energy levels, they only emit light of certain energies, the energies that correspond to the differences between the stairs. Thus, each type of atom has a unique way of absorbing and emitting light. The colors of light that an atom emits are called its emission spectrum, and the colors it absorbs are called its absorption spectrum.

F. All objects continuously emit light of some wavelength or another. This radiation is usually outside of what humans can see. It is called blackbody radiation because it refers to light emitted by an ideal object that is a perfect absorber and emitter of radiation. When objects are hot enough to emit light that is visible to humans, we can easily tell its relative temperature. As the object increases in temperature, it goes from red to orange to yellow to blue. The wavelength of the most common light emitted by the hot object is called the wavelength of maximum intensity. From this wavelength, it is possible to determine the surface temperature of the object.

THE PROPERTIES OF STARS
A. The stars are at such a great distance that normal units of measurement are too unwieldy to use. Therefore, astronomers use light years and parsecs to denote distances. A light year is the distance light travels in a year, and is equivalent to about 5.9 trillion miles. A parsec is 3.26 light-years.

B. How bright a star appears to an observer on Earth is called its apparent magnitude. However, stars are at different distances from the Earth, so a measure of how bright they actually are, as opposed to how bright they appear, is needed. This is called absolute visual magnitude, which is how bright the star would appear if it were 10 parsecs away from earth.

C. The luminosity of a star is the total amount of' energy it emits in a second. This is usually stated in comparison to the sun. For instance, the sun has a luminosity of 4x10(26) J/sec. The star Capella has a luminosity of 4x10(28) J/sec. Therefore, Capella has 100 solar luminosities. or is 100 times as luminous as the sun.

D. A star's spectrum can be classified by its light's spectrum. The stars are then given the following classes:

I. Bright Super-giant
II. Super-giant
II.. Bright Giant
III. Giant
IV. Sub-giant
V. Main-sequence star

E. Binary Stars are stars that orbit one another. Binary stars physically linked to one another by gravity are called visual binaries. Binary stars that are not actually linked to one another, but appear to be, are called optical binaries. Optical binaries occur when one star is closer to the Earth than another, but they appear from our perspective to be close to one another.

F Stellar Densities: Stars range in density from very tenuous to very, very dense. A very large star may have a density of 0.000001 g/cm(3). Our sun has a density of about 1 g/cm(3), approximately that of water. A white dwarf may have a density of 3,000,000 g/cm(3). At that density, one cubic centimeter would weigh as much as a large truck.

G. Stellar Evolution: Stars are powered by a hydrogen-fusion reaction. When the raw fuel for this reaction runs out, its core contracts and heats up, causing the hydrogen fusion shell to ignite. This, in turn, causes the star to expand into a giant star. The contraction of the star's core may ignite the helium that is left there. This helium burn may cause the star to start fusing larger elements. If the star's mass is in the 0.3 to 3 solar masses range, then its helium core will degenerate before the helium ignites. The result is an explosion that is absorbed by the star. The method of evolution of a star depends on its mass.

  • Stars with less mass than 0.4 solar masses will evolve into white dwarfs.
  • Stars between 0.4 and 3 solar masses will become red giants and then burn out into white dwarfs.
  • Stars as massive as 6 solar masses may lose enough mass to eject planetary nebulae, and then die as white dwarfs.
When atoms grow up, they want to be iron. Iron atoms are the most tightly bound of all atomic nuclei. Large stars can fuse atoms as large as iron, but can go no further. When an iron core of a massive star collapses, a .supernova is formed, which ejects massive amounts of energy into the surrounding space. Stars that are more massive than 8 stellar masses eventually collapse explosively to produce supernovae. Unless the star is larger than about 25 stellar masses, what will be left is a neutron star. A neutron star is made by the gravitational fusion of all the electrons and protons of the constituent nova. When neutron stars emit radiation at regular intervals, they are known as pulsars.
If a star has a mass larger than 25 solar masses, it collapses into a black hole. A black hole is a gravitational singularity from which nothing, not even light, can escape. However, black holes may be detected by the radiation emitted from objects failing into them.

STAR LIGHT
There are three kinds of spectrums that interest astronomers.

A. Continuous Spectra: The surface of a star is heated to such an extent that it glows with a particular color. Red for cool stars, bluish-white for very hot stars. Because the light emitted at the surface has been absorbed and transmitted by many atoms before it reaches the surface, the discrete colors of the atoms' emission spectra have been evened out to form a continuous spectra.

B. Absorption Spectra: Are formed when continuous spectra from a star shine through a gas that absorbs only certain colors of light. The absorption spectra, therefore, looks like continuous spectra with dark bands at discrete wavelengths.

C. Emission Spectra: Are given by gas that is in the outer parts of stars, where the light is not absorbed and emitted many times before being transmitted to space. An emission spectrum is usually just a few colored bands corresponding to the wavelengths of the emitted light

 

ON THE GROUND WITH THE 212th
By LTC Patrick Litton

Greeting Marines,

I wanted to take a moment to mention the Marine Reading Challenge. In the last OIC report I did for the month of Febuary, there was one participant, COL Glenna Julifs. I wanted to thank her for her contribution to the program for this reporting period.

I know for many there have been real world matters that prevented their sending in book lists. Now, we have a new reporting period coming up in April. And as this will be March by the time the newsletter comes out, I would like to see the book reports flying in for this new report period. The deadline for submitting book lists is March 31st. This gives you a chance to get your book lists started now, and keep the list current as read your books. Please send your book lists to me by the deadline to lneck01@sbcglobal.net This is the address I use for all marine matters. The December OIC report had so many book lists and books that it took me quite a while a type the report up. I would like to see this again, because it does get noticed by the 12th BDE OIC and above!

I would like to welcome our newest unit member, 1LT Michael Krogh. As stated in the Science report, Michael has been quite active in the SFMCA and has been doing very well in his course work. He has earned several awards to date. Micheal is a real hard-charger and I look forward to his continued contributions to the unit. Michael, welcome to the 212th!

Work continues on unit projects by COL Christina Doane and 1LT Shelley Martin. COL Doane is spearheading working on finding out the particulars on obtaining a guidon for the unit, as well as other matters for the unit. More information on this and other matters will be in future issues.

Stand easy Marines...

Shipmate News:

1Lt. Shelley Martin is fine despite the crazy earthquake (6.3 on the scale) etc in New Zealand, only 5 Kilometers away from her which is like 3 miles.

Christina Doane, Col.
DOIC Marines

I would like to remind all marines that your reading list for the MARINE READING CHALLENGE is due by the end of the month (January, March, May, July, September, November). For those not in the know...I collect books and audio books read and listened to and submit them to the 12th BDE OIC each reporting period. This would mean for the months of February/March, April/May, June/July, August/September, October/November, December/January. I would encourage ALL Marines to become involved in this challenge. I know you read, so why not enter the challenge? Any book or audio book is fair game. Here is an opportunity to show the 12th BDE that we are Reading Warriors! There is a reading challenge list form on the WOJ list page, in the document section. Any questions, please contact me.

Smart Animals!

Bodies that work with the Earth’s magnetic field to determine location. Female-only societies. Telling whether you’re a friend or a jerk there to make trouble with just one whiff. Homes so efficient they keep one steady temperature all the time. No, we’re not talking about new X-Men or other comic book characters, we’re talking about animals with skills we can only dream of.

These five animals are way smarter than us – just another reason to pay some respect when we encounter them in the wild.

1. Dolphins

Ok, again, not officially smarter than humans yet, but dolphins have recently been declared the world’s second most intelligent creatures (after humans). A zoologist from Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, according to The Times , has even gone far to say that their “neuroanatomy suggests psychological continuity between humans and dolphins,” and called for reconsideration of human-dolphin interactions. Another scientist from the Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles has even called them ‘non-human persons.’

So yes, dolphins are smarter than chimps and with communication skills similar to humans’. Their brains are only second in mass to the human brain, making them cultural animals with distinct personalities with the ability to think about the future, among other faculties. How long will these clever animals put up with human abuse? We hope not too long.


2. Chimpanzees

Much has been said about the intelligence of chimps, with some people claiming they’re geniuses and others saying they’re only as smart as a three year old kid. Of course, the actual facts fall in between.

But there is at least one area in which chimpanzees are smarter than humans — photographic memory. A study by the Primate Research Institute at Kyoto University proves young chimpanzees have an extraordinary working memory capability for numerical recollection, better even than that of human adults tested with the same apparatus following the same procedure. Presented with the same sequence of numbers, small chimps could recall them, outperforming humans. Not too shabby.


3. Ants

Despite their size, the world’s many varieties of ants have amazing skills. One of the most impressive is themycocepurus smithii from the Amazon, a super feminist species that has developed the ability to reproduce via cloning — dispensing with both sex and males — to evolve into an all-female breed.

According to research from the University of Arizona, it’s not clear when the change happened, but by reproducing without sex, the ants avoid the energetic cost of producing males and double the number of reproductive females produced each generation.

Unlike us humans, ants have also learned super efficient ways to organize their traffic. And 2006 research by the Berkeley University of California has established that the trap-jaw ant (odontomachus bauri) can close its mandibles at an incredible speed: The strike lasts 0.13 milliseconds, 2,300 times faster than the blink of an eye. This allows them to jump enormous heights for their size.

4. Elephants

They’re huge, and sometimes they seem tired and slow. But it’s no surprise that this mammal’s peculiar nose is really something: Research from the University of St. Andrews suggests that elephants can keep track of up to 30 absent members of their family by sniffing out their scent and building a mental map of where they are. How useful would this little feature be for moms with several kids?

Even better, according to another study by the same University, elephants can tell whether a human is friendly or a threat by their scent and color of clothing. So good luck trying to fool them.

5. Homing Pigeons

While most humans need several types of maps and a compass to find their way home after a long journey, the homing pigeon can return from extremely long distances (more than 1,100 miles) without any guidance.

Well, as a matter of fact, they do have some help: According to research by the University of Frankfurt, these pigeons have iron-containing structures in their beaks, which help them sense the Earth’s magnetic field independent of their motion and posture, and thus identify their geographical position.

Research results released this year indicate this magnetic charm is present in other birds as well.

 

© 2011 Foggy World

The Science Department has grown again in February with the coming aboard of LTJG Michael Krogh. Michael has already taken his place in Stellar Cartography and has gotten down to work right away. We in the Science Department are very happy to have him join us and we want to take this opportunity to welcome him again to the Jaresh-Inyo. IIn addition to Michael's duties in the sciences, he has been giving the SFA and SFMCA Directors a run for their money by taking over 80 courses in this month alone. Well done Michael, and keep up the great work!

The members of the Science Department have been busy in their respective work in writing articles, taking course work, and submitting articles for the Jaresh-Inyo list. 

LTC Tina Davis has been writing -up a storm, with four articles for this issue of the newsletter alone. LTCMDR Robert Towne has been contributing in his solid manner and has earned his Bronze Boothby Award. LTJG Krogh has earned his second Boothby award in this department, and both are still reaching for another award in the near future. 

As a Chief Science Officer, I could not be more proud of the members of the sciences. They are exploring, asking questions and always reaching to undersatnd what is out there. Look for even more as we continue to grow as a department. 

On October 6, 1995 history was made of galactic proportions. That was the day when Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz's discovery of an extrasolar planet was announced in the magazine Nature. This was the first planet that was ever found outside our solar system that orbited a sun like star. It's name, 51 Pegasi b. A very unimposing name for such a gigantic leap forward in our understanding of planets!

Many of you who are around my age or older may remember how much of a long shot it seemed that we would ever find another planet outside of our solar system in our life times. It was even thought that maybe planet development might be a rare occurrence in the galaxy. That maybe only a very few stars had planets orbiting them. The biggest hurdle to finding planets was that planets are so much more dim then the star that they orbit. It was like trying to see a single lit match in the forefront of a forest fire! 

But there were sound theories on how to find them. One was to look for changes in the doplar effect in the star's spectral lines. To put it simply to look for the subtle changes of the light going from the red (which is the wave length light has going away from you) to the blue (which is the wave length light has going towards you). 

The reason that this works on finding planets orbiting distant stars is due to the fact that planets don't orbit stars! Yup you heard that right, planets don't orbit stars not even our planet Earth. What planets and stars do is orbit their common center of mass. Think of the common center of mass kind of like a seesaw, except instead of the balancing point at the exact center it's more towards the heavier object, in this case the star. So while the much dimmer planet sill has a large orbit, the much larger and brighter star has a very small orbit. But that orbit can be detected.

So now we know how to find planets. But why might you ask did it take so long to find 51 Pegasi b? Well there are two reasons for that. The first reason is because most scientist didn't take looking for extrasolar planets very seriously. As a matter of fact it was given just a bit more credibility then looking for UFOs! But there were real and dedicated scientist out there looking for them, so what took them so long? Simple they didn't really know what to look for. 

The scientist who were the pioneers of this field, such as Geoffrey Marcy and Paul Butler knew the limitations of their equipment and technology. They knew that if and when they found a planet out there that it wouldn't be a nice small rocky planet like our earth or mars. It would be a nice big Jupiter like planet. And as we all know all the Jupiter like planets, the gas giants, form on the outer edges of a solar system. So when the scientist were looking at these stars they were looking for the star to show a long slow shift due to a long orbit by the planet, for example our own planet Jupiter takes about 14 years to orbit the Sun. But 51 Pegasi b blew everything we know about solar orbits out of the water! The reason it took so long to find was because it wasn't way out away from the star making a nice long orbit. 51 Pegasi b orbits at about 0.052 AU and has an orbit of only 4 earth days! If you were to place 51 Pegasi b in our solar system in the same spot it would be well inside the orbit of Mercury!

So with all of these major discoveries our understanding of planets was changed. The old rule book was thrown out the window, and a new rule book has just started to be written. Right after this discovery with the new understanding it brought us, planets were being discovered left and right. In a short 15 years we have gone from zero extrasolar planets to 529. With the latest information from the Kepler satellite there is sure to be many many more in the near future. Stay tuned and keep on looking up towards the stars!

 

The Pool Table is the Master Systems Display Table in Main Engineering

Greetings all
Alright our ships information manual is available to the crew and I hope it’s a help to all our writers in the crew. I’d like to request all departments or all hands to think about what they do aboard our ship such as equipment and spaces they use and put something together for the info manual or you could send me an email telling me about it and I’ll put it together either way I’d like to cover all departments in the manual. I believe this would be a big help to our writers in the crew. I’ve started laying out plans for a deck by deck layout of the ship and I need all hands to let me know what spaces they require and where they want them to be and I’ll do my best to fit it all in. It’ll take some time but will be well worth it.

I look forward to hearing from you. E-mail me here.

Engineering Staff Assignment Change
Since LtJg Stayduhar is listed as Chief of Strategic Ops he cannot hold the Assistant Chiefs slot, I apologize for the mistake I made by not checking the crew roster for assignments already held. That being said, I’d like to welcome 1st LT Shelly “Huntress” Martin as Assistant Chief Engineer.

Welcome aboard our newest Engineer Ensign Robert Frizzell
Robert has informed me he likes the technical side of house and wants to keep our warp engines humming so he’s assigned as a Warp Drive Technician. Alright Mr. Frizzell that means weekly zone inspections and I expect your spaces to be standing tall. Welcome Aboard 

The Chief’s tidbits of useless information:
Master Yoda said it best: “Try? There is no try!! Do or Do Not”

I had asked for those assigned to engineering to contact me, most have not. I can not tell anyone of your accomplishments if I am not informed.

That’s all for now, But we’ll be back next time with more info for you.

Tribbles, the lovable Star Trek fluffballs best known for turning into Gremlins if you get them wet, aren't just made of a bunch of pubes glued together like I previously thought. No, it turns out they actually have body parts, including, and virtually limited to: sexual organs

Klingon Physiology

Anatomical Overview

Klingons are a bipedal hominid race of slightly larger size and mass to humans. Compared to their human counterparts, Klingons are approximately 30% larger and heavier. A typical Klingon male is 6'6" in height and weighs around 320 lbs. The median range, of course, varies from this norm, with some individuals seen as short as 5'11" or as tall as 7'3". A typical Klingon female is 6'2" in height and weighs at around 250 lbs. The difference in size is most likely due to the increased gravity on Qo'noS, which is 125.387% when compared to the gravity of Earth. This would also account for the increased strength of Klingons, which is nearly equal to that of Vulcans. Visual acuity is slightly less than that of humans, primarily due to the tinted atmosphere of Qo'noS. Body temperature is slightly lower than humans, averaging at 93.7 degrees - most likely due to the warmer environment found on their homeworld.

Skeletal Structure

The Klingon skeletal structure is unusual in that it incorporates both an internal skeleton as well as epidermal bony plates. Klingon bone is much denser than that of humans, making it extremely difficult to break. Many joints and exposed bones, such as the knuckles and knees, are reinforced with a second layer of bone as well. The skull is protected by an extra thick layer of bone on the forehead and face, resulting in the cranial ridge and prominent facial bones that Klingons are so well known for.

Most Klingons also have a second layer of bone over the nasal cavities, giving them a series of "ridges" along their nose, much like that of the Bajorans. This extra layer of bone provides protection for the sinus passages, making Klingon noses harder to break. Of course, given the Klingon propensity for brawling and fisticuffs, many noses end up broken regardless.

Hair does not typically grow over the bony cranial ridges and cheeks, although it has been seen in some cases. An exception are the eyebrows, which grow over the lower portion of the cranial ridges. Klingon hair does not grow as quickly as human hair, and Klingons therefore pride themselves on possessing long hair - a sign of maturity and age.

On the back of a Klingon can be found several overlapping epidermal plates comprised of thick bone. These plates apparently protect the spine and prevent crippling injury to the individual. Back injuries are unusual among Klingons, apparently due to this natural adaptation. In one noted case, Lt. Worf of the USS Enterprise-D was injured while on duty and his spine was replaced with a replicated copy in 2368. He survived the controversial operation only due to the redundant organ structure of the Klingon species, which leads us into our next section.

Internal Organs

Klingons are very unusual in that they possess a redundant organ structure, resulting in a "backup" for every major organ and many minor ones. For example, a third lung is present and the heart possesses five chambers when only four are needed. The liver is duplicated as well as the kidneys.

Even the brain possesses an extra synapse for every one used, and many nerve clusters are heavily reinforced as well - likely accounting for a Klingon's high tolerance for pain. This tolerance for pain has become enmeshed in their culture and is reinforced in many rituals, including the Age of Ascension rites and the mating process. The Klingon pictured at left is shown wielding a "painstick" - an electronic device used to apply electric shock that is used in many rituals. Of course, their ability to withstand pain is also one of the reasons they are considered formidable warriors. Klingons have been known to continue fighting in battle despite major wounds and blood loss or even the loss of major limbs.

The stomach and digestive tracts are heavily lined with muscle, thereby allowing a Klingon to digest foods which a human could not. In addition, the various acids found in the stomach are nearly twice as powerful as those found in a human stomach. Due to the reinforced muscle, however, the digestive tract is not as efficient as its human counterpart. Klingons cannot absorb nutrients as easily as humans can, which has resulted in the typical Klingon diet consisting of many live foods and few preserved.

Reproduction

Klingon reproductive organs are nearly identical to those of humans. Once impregnated, a Klingon female gestates for ten months, giving live birth to one or two offspring. Twins are not common among Klingons, but they are not unheard of either. If fact, according to legend the greatest figure in Klingon culture - Kahless the Unforgettable - was himself a twin. Because of this, if a woman gives birth to twins, it is considered a good omen for the House.

Klingon reproductive systems are physically and genetically compatible with that of many other species, including Vulcan, Romulan, and Human. This is highly unusual, but it does allow for inter-species births. Notable examples of Human/Klingon pairing are K'Eleyhr, B'lanna Torres, and Alexander Rozhenko. An example of a Klingon/Romulan pairing is Ba'el, pictured at right. Unlike other inter-species relations, such as Vulcan-Human, no genetic manipulation is necessary. Such couplings are rare, however, due to the rigorous physical demands of a mating Klingon. In fact, the mating rituals of Klingons are considered by many races to be abusive and violent. Klingon females are nearly as strong and durable as the males, and even among a purely Klingon couple, mating usually results in minor injuries to both parties.

Chemical Biosystems

Klingon physiology is much more reliant on a chemical biosystem than that of humans. A Klingon body produces hormones at a nearly constant rate, and pheromones are used to signal various emotions at all times. Klingons have three adrenal glands (compared to a human's one) and become nearly unstoppable during adrenaline production. Some aspects of Klingon culture have evolved around this reaction, commonly referred to as "the bloodrush". Because of this, Klingons are also highly susceptible to what biologists call the "fight or flight" syndrome. A cornered Klingon is not a pretty sight. Since the past thousand years of Klingon culture have trained countless generations that running is the mark of a coward, a typical Klingon's first response to any stress is agressive hostility. Many believe that the Klingon's agressive tendecies indicate a lack of control, but it is simply a physiological reaction to stress.

Sub-Species

There is a rare but well-documented sub-species of Klingon which briefly rose to power during the middle of the 23rd century. This sub-species more closely resembled humans than Klingons, lacking the familiar cranial ridge and bone structure. Internal scans of the few recovered specimens also indicated a lack of redundant organ systems. The sub-species still possesses the chemical biosystems of the parent species, and appear to have the same dense skeleton. For the sake of classification, the parent strain is now referred to as "Imperial" Klingon.


Unfortunately, very few specimens of the sub-species were obtained, and the strain appears to have disappeared from the Klingon Empire in modern times. Diplomatic inquiries regarding this matter have met with obstruction, as the Klingons claim the question of the sub-species is an "internal matter" and not subject to discussion. At least one case of a surviving member of this sub-species has been documented - that of Kor, a former Klingon captain. Prior to his death in the 24th century, Kor appeared as any other Imperial Klingon. Dr. Julian Bashere of Federation space station Deep Space Nine had occasion to perform a medical scan on Kor, which appears to have only deepened the mystery. At the time of the scan, Kor possessed all physiological features inherent to Imperial Klingons. How this is possible remains one of the great unanswered mysteries of medical science.

Klingon Augment Virus
(the other side of the story)
by Kitiara Rasmehlier
aka Capt Glenna Juilfs

The Klingon augment virus was a modified form of Levodian flu that threatened to wipe out the Klingon race in the mid-22nd century. It was inadvertently created by Klingon researchers who were attempting to bio-engineer enhanced warriors using DNA from genetically-modified human embryos left over from Earth's Eugenics Wars.

In 2154, Klingon scientists working under the direction of Antaak recovered several augment embryos from a hijacked Bird of Prey destroyed in orbit of Qu'Vat colony. Fearing that Humans could overwhelm the Empire if they moved to staffing their ships with augments, a project was set up to attempted to create their own augments to counter the perceived threat.

The effort failed dreadfully. The augments created did develop enhanced strength and intelligence, but they also began to show Human characteristics, from the blatant to the subtle. These included personality alterations and loss of the characteristic forehead ridges. Ultimately, the subjects died agonizing deaths when the incompatible DNA resulted in neural system breakdown. While working to stabilize the process of augmentation, the scientific team augmented a test subject who was, unknown to the team, also infected with Levodian flu. The flu virus in some manner incorporated the augment DNA, turning a carefully controlled experiment into an epidemic. In as much as the unstable augmentation process always killed the subject, this epidemic threatened the Klingon race with extinction.

The virus spread very rapidly, infecting millions on many worlds within months. One of the first planets struck was N'Vak colony. The Klingons attempted to capture Doctor Arik Soong to help develop a cure, but their efforts were thwarted by Soong's high security detention. They then moved to kidnap Doctor Phlox instead, using Rigelian intermediaries and with the assistance of Section 31 agents. Phlox was forced to work with Antaak to find a cure.

However, the Klingon high council was unwilling to wait, and dispatched a fleet to annihilate infected planets, starting with N'Vak colony. From there it set course to Qu'Vat colony.

When to the research team on Qu'vat colony it became clear that it would take weeks to develop a cure, stabilizing the augment virus was attempted instead. This proved succesful, a method was created that stabilized the process in the early stages – after the cranial ridges dissolved and some minor neural re-ordering had occurred (which caused personality changes), but before the enhanced augment abilities and fatal neural pathway breakdown. Because afflicted Klingons' DNA had been altered by the virus, these traits were passed onto their descendants. (ENT: "Affliction", "Divergence")

Evidently, the Excalbians only knew of affected Klingons, as they depicted Kahless himself as affected. This may, however, have been attributed to reading the minds of Humans who, at that point in history, only had dealings with Klingon augments. (TOS: "The Savage Curtain")

It would be over a century before they discovered a method of restoring all Klingons to their proper appearance. It is unknown if all the damage done has been reversed, evidenced by the change in color to Klingon blood. (Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, Star Trek: The Next Generation)

The Klingons were apparently so embarrassed by the fallout from their failed attempt at genetic enhancement that they refused to discuss the incident with outsiders. Due to the secrecy of the Klingon Empire, knowledge of the change became lost over time to the general population of the Federation. By the 24th century, the reason for Klingons having smooth foreheads was not widely known outside the Empire, and questions were generally met with a brusque answer along the lines of "we don't discuss it with outsiders". (DS9: "Trials and Tribble-ations")

Background Information

This storyline, seen in the Enterprise episodes "Affliction" and "Divergence", was intended in part to explain why Original Series Klingons had a more human-like appearance, and later Klingons did not. The writers also hoped the two-parter would shed some light on the change in the Klingons' temperament and disposition between the TOS and TNG eras.

For years, unofficial explanations had appeared in Star Trek literature to explain the difference between the Klingons from the 1960s series and those in later productions. The idea of genetic engineering was explored heavily in several publications licensed by Paramount Pictures, among them FASA's Star Trek: The Roleplaying Game, several Pocket Books novels (such as "Rules of Engagement"), and the reference book The Worlds of the Federation by author Shane Johnson. These works indicated that the "Klingons" encountered during the Original Series era were "Klingon-Human fusions" intentionally created to make infiltration into Federation space easier. The true nature of Klingons was revealed during the emergency transmission of the IKS Amar as depicted in Star Trek: The Motion Picture.

In addition to the "fusion" explanation, the producers of Star Trek: Enterprise had heard many pitches over the years for stories aimed at explaining the change in the Klingon appearance. Additional theories included that the Klingons seen during the Original Series were from another race than those of later eras and also that some sort of disease was to blame. The Enterprise writing staff mirrored the fan community in that some felt it might be fun to account for the change, while others thought it was probably best to ignore the entire situation. The topic came up again when writer Manny Coto was named showrunner during the series' fourth season.

At first, the producers were only interested in a story with one or more "ridgeless" Klingons who had infiltrated Starfleet for the purpose of intelligence gathering. It was thought the story might involve a surgically-altered Klingon operative aboard the Enterprise, someone like Arne Darvin a century later. Around this time, the writing staff had recently concluded the three-part Augment Crisis arc, and it occurred to them that some of the genetically-engineered embryos might have survived the destruction of the Bird of Prey, and that the Klingons might use these embryos to bio-engineer their own version of "Klingon supermen". This seemed to be a way into a story dealing with the origin of human-like Klingons. More to the point, the Enterprise producers thought it was simply "too cool" an idea to reveal that Kor, Kang and other Original Series Klingons may have had the DNA of Khan inside them. 

While some fans clamored for an explanation for the "smooth forehead" Klingons, "Affliction" teleplay writer Mike Sussman hoped to do more – account for the apparent change in Klingon culture between the 23rd and 24th centuries. As depicted in the first Star Trek series, Klingons were notoriously savage, crafty and at times even cowardly, putting this characterization at odds with the more noble and honorable Klingons seen in The Next Generation. The "minor neural re-ordering" noted by Phlox was intended to suggest that the augmented Klingons were not only "cursed" with a more human appearance, but that they also inherited many human weaknesses as well. In "Divergence", the female Laneth, newly infected by the Augment virus, claimed that she "felt fear for the first time since I was a child." Her fellow augmented warriors had "become like (humans)... weak, cowardly." 

The Enterprise writers' explanation for the change in the Klingons did not – and could not – satisfy every Star Trek fan. Gene Roddenberry himself reportedly believed any "explanation" was unnecessary; the makeup seen in the films and the later series would have been too expensive during the 1960s. Roddenberry felt it was best to simply imagine that Klingons always had ridges (although this preference was perhaps tossed out the window when the change was noted by the DS9 crew in "Trials and Tribble-ations"). Still, the Enterprise writers felt that the "dramatic convention" explanation was and is still valid, if a viewer prefers it. If one accepts Roddenberry's suggestion that TOS-era Klingons always had ridges – and that the DS9 reference was merely a joke by the episode writers – then perhaps the Augment virus had no lasting effect on the Empire: the disease may have been cured relatively quickly following the events seen in the Enterprise two-parter. After all, there was no reference to it in the "later" series (which of course were produced years before Star Trek: Enterprise). 

This background information was contributed in part by former Enterprise writer/producer Mike Sussman, a member of Memory Alpha.

Apocrypha

In "The IDIC Epidemic", an original series novel written during the airing of The Next Generation, a Klingon scientist, Korsal, refers to the "Imperial Race," a reclusive breed of Klingons who retain their brow ridges. The Imperial Race has never been seen outside the Empire and its existence is largely a mystery to the Federation. The plague that is the subject of the novel is proven to be a mutated form of "The Imperial Plague," which the Imperial race is very vulnerable to, while smooth-headed Klingons are immune. This novel contained its own partial explanation for the difference in appearance between Klingons from the original series and The Next Generation.

In "Against Their Nature", the first installment of the IDW Comics "Klingons: Blood Will Tell" series, it is suggested that, while Phlox's cure removed Augment strength and Augment intelligence, those affected did retain Augment ambition, and as such they were largely responsible for the expansion of the Klingon Empire between Enterprise and TOS, and were able to take control of the High Council.

In the novel Forged in Fire, it is revealed that the virus did not solely affect Klingons; the ridged Trill witnessed in "The Host"- as opposed to the spotted Trill seen in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and later episodes- are the result of a strain of the Augment virus that managed to infect a Trill colony through visiting Klingon traders. However, the Trill seemed not to be interested in working on methods of restoring the original Trill look, with this 'sub-group' having recently (at the time the novel was set) being re-accepted back into Trill society. The novel also reveals that the appearance of The Albino- who is not only Klingon but is in fact Kor's cousin- was an unintended side effect of pre-natal genetic engineering intended to cure his bloodline of the virus.

In Star Trek Online, the cure to the Klingon augment virus is revealed. By way of the Guardian of Forever, a group of Klingons travel back to 2270 shortly after capturing Miral Paris, daughter of Tom Paris and B'Elanna Torres. At the conclusion of the mission, Miral's unique DNA is used to cure the Klingons of the Augment Virus.



Trying Without Excuses
by Jane Powell

“C’mon! Give it a shot.”

The fear of not knowing how something will turn out is enough to make anyone say, “Forget it.” Rather than dealing with problems head on, sometimes it’s easier to ignore them and hope they’ll go away. When we’re tired of trying, it’s tempting to think that, since nothing has worked in the past, we’re powerless.

Does any of this ring a bell? If so, it’s probably because you put way too much pressure on yourself to have things always work out well.  With a mindset like this you’re missing out on opportunities, relief and good fortune, simply because you didn’t try.

There are no guarantees in any of our lives. Things may or may not work out. Just because they “may not” work out, it’s not an excuse not to try.

Next time you find yourself saying, “Forget it,” or “No thanks,” give it a shot and say “Why not?” instead. Jump in with both feet and see what happens!

ABC of Life


A - Accept
Accept others for who they are and for the choices they've made even if you have difficulty understanding their beliefs, motives, or actions.

B - Break Away
Break away from everything that stands in the way of what you hope to accomplish with your life.

C - Create
Create a family of friends whom you can share your hopes, dreams, sorrows,and happiness with.

D - Decide
Decide that you'll be successful and happy come what may, and good things will find you. The roadblocks are only minor obstacles along the way.

E - Explore
Explore and experiment. The world has much to offer, and you have much to give. And every time you try something new, you'll learn more about yourself.

F - Forgive
Forgive and forget. Grudges only weigh you down and inspire unhappiness and grief. Soar above it, and remember that everyone makes mistakes.

G - Grow
Leave the childhood monsters behind. They can no longer hurt you or stand in your way.

H - Hope
Hope for the best and never forget that anything is possible as long as you remain dedicated to the task.

I - Ignore
Ignore the negative voice inside your head. Focus instead on your goals and remember your accomplishments. Your past success is only a small inkling of what the future holds.

J - Journey
Journey to new worlds, new possibilities, by remaining open-minded. Try to learn something new every day, and you'll grow.

K - Know
Know that no matter how bad things seem, they'll always get better. The warmth of spring always follows the harshest winter.

L - Love
Let love fill your heart instead of hate. When hate is in your heart, there's room for nothing else, but when love is in your heart, there's room for endless happiness.

M - Manage
Manage your time and your expenses wisely, and you'll suffer less stress and worry. Then you'll be able to focus on the important things in life.

N - Notice
Never ignore the poor, infirm, helpless, weak, or suffering. Offer your assistance when possible, and always your kindness and understanding.

O - Open
Open your eyes and take in all the beauty around you. Even during the worst of times, there's still much to be thankful for.

P - Play
Never forget to have fun along the way. Success means nothing without happiness.

Q - Question
Ask many questions, because you're here to learn.

R - Relax
Refuse to let worry and stress rule your life, and remember that things always have a way of working out in the end.

S - Share
Share your talent, skills, knowledge, and time with others. Everything that you invest in others will return to you many times over.

T - Try
Even when your dreams seem impossible to reach, try anyway. You'll be amazed by what you can accomplish.

U - Use
Use your gifts to your best ability. Talent that's wasted has no value. Talent that's used will bring unexpected rewards.

V - Value
Value the friends and family members who've supported and encouraged you, and be there for them as well.

W - Work
Work hard every day to be the best person you can be, but never feel guilty if you fall short of your goals. Every sunrise offers a second chance.

X - X-Ray
Look deep inside the hearts of those around you and you'll see the goodness and beauty within.

Y - Yield
Yield to commitment. If you stay on track and remain dedicated, you'll find success at the end of the road.

Z - Zoom
Zoom to a happy place when bad memories or sorrow rears its ugly head. Let nothing interfere with your goals. Instead, focus on your abilities, your dreams, and a brighter tomorrow.



When you've had a setback, ask yourself this. What is it attempting to tell you?
Often the setbacks can turn out to be very fortunate occurrences. Because they prevent you from going any further down a dead-end road.

Setbacks force you to re-evaluate your strategy. And that will invariably lead to a much more successful strategy.

When you've had a setback, challenge yourself to find the positive message in it. Challenge yourself to find a more effective way to move forward from it.

Use it as an opportunity to step back and get some perspective. Use it as an opportunity to renew your commitment and realign with your purpose.

See each setback as one more step on the path to achievement. Then get back on that path, for success is closer than ever before.

-Ralph Marston



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Our Chief Engineer Lieutenant Charles Robinson has been working on a technical manual for us for a few months now, and I am pleased to say it has come to fruition. There are tons of site out there with tons of information, and Mister Robinson has taken the time and effort to compile most of the info into one place for our fiction writing purposes, as well just knowing more about the class of ship we serve on.

It is a large document (approx4.3 MB) and is available in the documents section of our yahoo group. Enjoy!

ACADEMY

Ensign Robert Frizzell successfully taking and passing Officer's Command College!

LTJG Michael Krogh received a grade of DISTINCTION for Officer's Command College!

Star Trek Tech We Use Today (Almost)
For the past four decades, Star Trek has been influencing and predicting new gadgets and technologies. How close are we to Trek-inspired phasers, tricorders, and invisibility cloaks?
By Jeff Bertolucci, PCWorld

Reality Trek
Phaser, tricorder, holodeck: It’s a given that the futuristic (and make-believe) gadgetry of Star Trek should appear light-years ahead of today’s technology. But cut the 21st century some slack. Finding naturally occurring dilithium crystals is easier said than done--and without them, you can kiss warp speed good-bye. Still, we’re slowly catching up, particularly in the area of wireless communications. 

As millions of Trekkies flock to movie theaters to watch the new prequel film of Star Trek (slated to open on May 8), we’re taking the opportunity to compare classic Trek tech with today’s relatively clumsy and primitive equivalents. How far behind is our current technology? Let’s boldly go and find out.

Find out more at:
http://www.pcworld.com/article/164195/star_trek_tech_we_use_today_almost.html



President of the United Federation of Planets

Jaresh-Inyo (c. 2372)

In 2372, the post was held by Jaresh-Inyo, a Grazerite. His presidency was marked by a number of troubling foreign and domestic policy developments, including the dissolution of the Khitomer Accords and an undeclared war with the Klingon Empire in 2372, increasing tensions with the Dominion, and the rise of the Maquis. 

In 2372, fears of Changeling infiltration of the Federation government reached a high point when Dominion agents were discovered to have detonated a bomb at a diplomatic conference between the Federation and the Romulan Star Empire in Antwerp. Starfleet Admiral and Chief of Starfleet Operations Leyton and Captain Benjamin Sisko advocated increased security on Earth following the bombing, and when the planetary power grid was disabled, Inyo declared martial law on the capital planet. Later, it was discovered that the grid had been disabled by Leyton's own agents, and that Leyton was leading an attempted military coup d'etat against the Federation civilian government. Leyton's coup was thwarted by Sisko, but as a result of the scandal, Jaresh-Inyo's political career ended. (DS9: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost") 

Jaresh-Inyo left office sometime prior to 2375. While questioning Luther Sloan, Julian Bashir discovered that Section 31 had an operative working in Jaresh-Inyo's cabinet. (DS9: "Extreme Measures") 

The novel "Articles of the Federation" establishes that Jaresh-Inyo died in May of 2380, being remembered as a great "peace-time president" being credited with the expansion of civil rights for sentient beings, and the opening of diplomatic relations with the Children of Tama, but not one suited for the job when war with the Dominion became inevitable.

Commanding Officer
BGN Gary Hollifield, Jr.

Executive Officer/Chief of Operations
CMDR Cory Whorton

Second Officer/Chief of Communications/Counselor
CAPT/COL Glenna M. Juilfs

Third Officer/ Chief Science Officer/Marine OIC
CMDR/LTC Patrick Litton

Chief of Computer Operations
LTjg Richard McCreery

Chief of Engineering
LT Charles Robinson
Chief Medical Officer
CAPT Samuel Cummings

Chief of Security
LT Jonathon Neale

Chief of Strategic Operations
LTjg David Stayduhar

Cadet Corps Commandant
COL Gary Hollifield, Sr.

Marine DOIC
COL Christina Doane

Morale Officer
FCPT James Whatley



Ship's Logo by Kevin Cozart
Blinkie by gmj designs
Other logos are by Kristian Trigwell.
LCARS Still made by Josh Curry
Graphics are from the www.